South Carolina the first state to secede from the Union. Thus Starting the Civil War- 1860 newspaper
Category: Civil War
Item Number: 12730
Secession South Carolina
South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union. ORIGINAL Civil War newspaper, the NY Journal of Commerce dated Dec 27, 1860. Front page headline and 4 columns of text on the South carolina Secession Comvention and the announcement of the secession of South Carolina from the Union. Front page printing of the South Carolina Ordinance of Secession !! This has a VERY DETAILED word for word transcript of the SC Secession Convention as well as a front page printing of the Ordinance of Secseeion !! Great display newspaper to frame.
Charleston ranked as the 22nd largest city in the United States according to the 1860 census, with a population of 40,522. Long feared as a target for foreign invasion, the harbor was ringed with a series of forts, bastions, and floating batteries to protect it from an enemy fleet.
On December 20, 1860, the South Carolina General Assembly made the state the first to ever secede from the Union. They asserted that one of the causes was the election to the presidency of a man "whose opinions and purposes are hostile to slavery."
Secession of South Carolina
South Carolina adopted the "Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union" on December 24, 1860. It argued for states' rights for slave owners in the South, but contained a complaint about states' rights in the North in the form of opposition to the Fugitive Slave Act, claiming that Northern states were not fulfilling their federal obligations under the Constitution. At issue were:
The refusal of Northern states to enforce the fugitive slave code, violating Southern personal property rights;
Agitation against slavery, which "denied the rights of property".
Assisting "thousands of slaves to leave their homes" through the Underground Railroad.
The election of Lincoln "because he has declared that that 'Government cannot endure permanently half slave, half free,' and that the public mind must rest in the belief that slavery is in the course of ultimate extinction".
"...elevating to citizenship, persons who, by the supreme law of the land, are incapable of becoming citizens". Most Northerners opposed the Dred Scott decision, although only a few New England states allowed blacks an equal right to vote. South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union on December 20, 1860. South Carolina troops also fired the first shots of the Civil War in 1861 when they fired on Union troops in Fort Sumter. In very good condition. This listing includes the complete entire original Civil War newspaper.